A better understanding of various disturbance types and quantitative comparisons of their effects over multiple scales is required for both species-level and landscape-scale conservation efforts, however, few quantitative syntheses of cross-system comparisons of disturbance effects exist. In my research, I use a number of study systems with known histories of disturbance to quantitatively compare different disturbance types and their effects on macroecological metrics such as rarity, diversity, and other measures of community structure.